ï»??xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 听力译֠‚ http://www.6109171.com/zt/rss/ 听力译֠‚ zh-cn Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:35:11 GMT-8 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:35:11 GMT-8 service@tingclass.net service@tingclass.net VOA慢速英语:21亿年前,地球存在最早的可移动的生物åQ?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-8384-441130-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Earth’s Earliest Mobile Organism Lived 2.1 Billion Years Ago Scientists have discovered the oldest fossil evidence of organism motility, or the ability of an organism to move independently. The discovery shows that development of motility began more than two billion years ago. The fossils were found in Gabon, in rock called shale. Researchers described them as tube-like structures up to 170 millimeters long. They say the structures may have been created when the organisms moved through soft, wet dirt in search of food or a better environment. The researchers also said the organisms might have been moving together as a group. The organisms remains a mystery as the fossils are a record only of their movement. The researchers said the fossils dated back to a time when Earth was rich with oxygen. These conditions permitted simple life forms to develop more complexity. Life on Earth started with single-celled bacteria about 4 billion years ago. The earliest life forms could not move under their own power. The Gabon fossils dated to the Paleoproterozoic Era are about 1.5 billion years older than the previous earliest evidence of organism motility. Abderrazak El Albani, a scientist with the University of Poitiers in France, led the team in Gabon. The shale deposit there has proven to be a treasure for the study of ancient life. Several years ago, Albani and his team discovered it held the oldest fossils know of multicellular animals. “What matters here is their astonishing complexity and diversity in shape and size, and likely in terms of metabolic, developmental and behavioral patterns, including the just-discovered earliest evidence of motility, at least for certain among them,” Albani said. The first vertebrates, or animals with backbones, appeared about 525 million years ago. Dinosaurs came about 230 million years ago and human-like species developed about 300,000 years ago. Scientists believe this early time in motility may have faced a setback soon after the Paleoproterozoic Era, about the time of the Gabon fossils. The Earth saw a considerable loss of atmospheric oxygen at that time. The research was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. I'm Pete Musto. ​________________________________________________________________ Words in This Story fossil – n. something, such as a leaf, skeleton, or footprint, that is from a plant or animal which lived in ancient times and that you can see in some rocks deposit – n. an amount of a substance, such as oil or coal, that exists naturally in the ground astonishing – adj. causing a feeling of great surprise or wonder diversity – n. the quality or state of having many different forms, types, ideas, etc. metabolic – adj. of or relating to the chemical processes by which a plant or an animal uses food, water, etc., to grow and heal and to make energy ]]></description> </item><item><title>è‹Þp¯­è¯­è¨€å­¦ä¹ åQšæ ‡è®îCºŒæ°§åŒ–¼„³çš„‹¹“度 http://www.6109171.com/show-9910-441129-1.html è‹Þp¯­è¯­è¨€å­¦ä¹ åQšæŸ¬åŸ”寨酒店 员工当家做主 http://www.6109171.com/show-9910-441128-1.html VOA慢速英语:川普宣布全国紧急状态调用资金修å¢?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-8694-441124-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[[tctab]中英[/tctab] Trump Declares National Emergency to Build the Wall 川普宣布全国紧急状态调用资金修å¢? American President Donald Trump on Friday declared a national emergency so that he can get the money needed to build a wall along the nation's border with Mexico. ¾ŸŽå›½æ€È»Ÿå·æ™®å‘¨äº”宣布全国紧急状态,以便他能够获得沿墨西哥边境修建隔¼›Õd¢™æ‰€éœ€çš„资金ã€? The move is seen as a way to go around Congress. It is sure to face opposition from legislators. æ­¤ä‹D被视为绕˜q‡å›½ä¼šçš„一¿UåŠžæ³•ï¼Œå®ƒè‚¯å®šä¼šé­åˆ°è®®å‘˜ä»¬çš„反对ã€? Speaking from the White House, Trump said he is declaring the national emergency because of, in his words, "an invasion of our country with drugs, with human traffickers, with all types of criminals and gangs." 川普在白宫发表讲话时表示åQŒä»–ž®†ä¼šå®£å¸ƒå…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ï¼Œç”¨ä»–的话来说åQŒæ˜¯å› äؓ“毒品、äh贩子以及各种犯罪分子和黑帮入ä¾ëŠ¾Žå›½ã€?rdquo; Trump added that he is planning to use money from the military and other parts of the government to pay for the building of the wall. 川普˜q˜è¯´åQŒä»–计划利用军方和政府其它部门的资金来支付修建隔¼›Õd¢™çš„费用ã€? As a presidential candidate, Trump often said that Mexico would pay for such a wall. 作äؓæ€È»Ÿå€™é€‰ähåQŒå·æ™®å¸¸è¯´å¢¨è¥¿å“¥ä¼šäؓ˜q™æ ·ä¸€å µå¢™ä¹°å•ã€? Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said the president "will have access to roughly $8 billion worth of money that can be used to secure the southern border." 白宫代理办公厅主任马ž®”瓦ž®ÆD¡¨½Cºï¼Œå·æ™®æ€È»Ÿ“ž®†èƒ½èŽ·å¾—大约80亿美元资金用于保护南部边境ã€?rdquo; Trump had demanded $5.7 billion for the wall. But Congress, which is powered with making spending decisions, only provided $1.4 billion for barriers. 川普曾要求获å¾?7亿美元修å»ø™¿™é“墙åQŒä½†æ˜¯è´Ÿè´£åšå‡ºå¼€æ”¯å†³½{–的国会只äؓ˜q™é“边境屏障提供äº?4亿美元ã€? House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer quickly denounced the move as an "unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist." 众议院议长佩‹z›è¥¿å’Œå‚议院民主党领袖舒默很快谴责了川普的这一丑֊¨åQŒç§°˜q™æ˜¯å¯?ldquo;对一åœÞZ¸å­˜åœ¨çš„危机非法宣布紧急状态ã€?rdquo; The two leaders released a joint statement while Trump was still giving his speech. They said, "The President's actions clearly violate the Congress's exclusive power of the purse, which our Founders enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress will defend our constitutional authorities in the Congress, in the Courts, and in the public, using every remedy available." ˜q™ä¸¤ä½é¢†å¯égh发表了一份联合声明,当时川普˜q˜åœ¨å‘表演讲。他们表½Cºï¼š“æ€È»Ÿçš„行为显然违反了国会对胦源的专有权,˜q™æ˜¯æˆ‘们的徏国者写入宪法中的。国会将会采用各¿UæŽªæ–½ï¼Œåœ¨å›½ä¼šã€åœ¨æ³•é™¢ã€åœ¨å…¬ä¼—场合捍卫我们的宪法权力ã€?rdquo; Trump admitted that his declaration of a national emergency will face opposition in the courts. He said, "Sadly, we'll be sued and sadly it will go through a process and happily we'll win." 川普承认他这‹Æ¡å®£å¸ƒå…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ä¼šåœ¨æ³•åº­ä¸Šé­åˆ°åå¯¹ã€‚ä»–è¯ß_¼Œ“可悲的是åQŒæˆ‘们会被è“v诉,òq¶ä¸”需要经历一个过½E‹ï¼Œä½†æ˜¯é«˜å…´çš„是åQŒæˆ‘们会胜诉ã€?rdquo; National Emergency Act 全国紧急状态法æ¡? The president defended his decision, saying other presidents have declared national emergencies in the past. 川普æ€È»Ÿä¸ø™‡ªå·Þqš„军_®šè¾©æŠ¤åQŒç§°å…¶ä»–æ€È»Ÿ˜q‡åŽ»éƒ½å®£å¸ƒè¿‡å…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ã€? In 1976, Congress passed the National Emergency Act, which gave presidents special powers during a crisis. Congress can end a state of emergency with a joint resolution and the president's signature. If the president vetoes the resolution, Congress would need two-thirds of lawmakers to vote to end the declaration. 1976òqß_¼Œå›½ä¼šé€šè¿‡äº†ã€Šå…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€æ³•æ¡ˆã€‹ï¼Œèµ‹äºˆæ€È»Ÿåœ¨å±æœºæœŸé—´çš„ç‰ÒŽ®ŠæƒåŠ›ã€‚国会可以通过联合册™®®ä»¥åŠæ€È»Ÿ½{‘Ö­—来结束紧急状态。如果æ€È»Ÿå¦å†³è¯¥å†³è®®ï¼Œå›½ä¼šž®†éœ€è¦?/3的议员投¼œ¨æ”¯æŒæ¥¾l“束紧急状态ã€? American presidents have declared national emergencies 59 times since 1976. ¾ŸŽå›½æ€È»Ÿè‡?976òq´ä»¥æ¥å·²¾lå®£å¸ƒäº†59‹Æ¡å…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ã€? President Jimmy Carter made the declaration as Iran took American hostages in 1979. Ronald Reagan used the power to ban trade with Nicaragua in 1985. 1979òq´ä¼Šæœ—劫持美国äh质时åQŒå¡ç‰ÒŽ€È»Ÿå®£å¸ƒäº†å…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ã€‚里æ ÒŽ€È»Ÿåœ?985òq´åŠ¨ç”¨è¿™¿UæƒåŠ›ç¦æ­¢ä¸Žž®¼åŠ æ‹‰ç“œè´¸æ˜“ã€? In 1990, President George H.W. Bush blocked financial dealings with Iraq. In 1996, Bill Clinton used the power after two airplanes were shot down near Cuba. George W. Bush declared a national emergency after the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. 1990òqß_¼Œè€å¸ƒä»€é˜ÀL­¢äº†åŒä¼Šæ‹‰å…‹çš„金融协议ã€?996òqß_¼Œå…‹æž—™å¿åœ¨ä¸¤æž¶é£žæœºåœ¨å¤å·´é™„˜q‘被击落后动用了˜q™ç§æƒåŠ›ã€?001òq?æœ?1日发生恐怖袭å‡ÖMº‹ä»¶åŽåQŒå°å¸ƒä»€å®£å¸ƒäº†å…¨å›½ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€ã€? And President Barack Obama used the special power in 2011 to freeze the assets of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi. 奥巴马æ€È»Ÿåœ?011òq´åŠ¨ç”¨äº†˜q™ç§ç‰ÒŽ®ŠæƒåŠ›å†È»“了利比亚领导人卡扎菲的资产ã€? Trump has declared national emergencies three other times: in December 2017 against Myanmar generals for their part in the Rohingya refugee crisis; in September 2018 against persons related to Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election; and in November 2018 after the Nicaraguan government acted against protesters. 川普已经三次宣布全国紧急状态:2017òq?2月针对卷入罗兴亚难民危机的缅甸将å†?2018òq?月针对卷入俄¾|—æ–¯òq²æ¶‰2016òq´ç¾Žå›½æ€È»Ÿå¤§é€‰çš„相关人士;以及2018òq?1月在ž®¼åŠ æ‹‰ç“œæ”¿åºœå¯ÒŽŠ—议者采取行动之后ã€? But until Friday, no American president in history had used the power to get additional money to pay for projects without the support of Congress. 但是直到˜q™ä¸ªå‘¨äº”åQŒåŽ†å²ä¸Š˜q˜æ²¡æœ‰ç¾Žå›½æ€È»ŸåŠ¨ç”¨˜q™ä¸€æƒåŠ›æ¥èŽ·å¾—额外资金,用于支付国会不支持的™å¹ç›®ã€? I'm Caty Weaver. 凯蒂·éŸ¦å¼—报道ã€? [tctab]英文[/tctab] American President Donald Trump on Friday declared a national emergency so that he can get the money needed to build a wall along the nation’s border with Mexico. The move is seen as a way to go around Congress. It is sure to face opposition from legislators. Speaking from the White House, Trump said he is declaring the national emergency because of, in his words, “an invasion of our country with drugs, with human traffickers, with all types of criminals and gangs.” Trump added that he is planning to use money from the military and other parts of the government to pay for the building of the wall. As a presidential candidate, Trump often said that Mexico would pay for such a wall. Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said the president “will have access to roughly $8 billion worth of money that can be used to secure the southern border.” Trump had demanded $5.7 billion for the wall. But Congress, which is powered with making spending decisions, only provided $1.4 billion for barriers. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer quickly denounced the move as an “unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist.” The two leaders released a joint statement while Trump was still giving his speech. They said, “The President’s actions clearly violate the Congress’s exclusive power of the purse, which our Founders enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress will defend our constitutional authorities in the Congress, in the Courts, and in the public, using every remedy available.” Trump admitted that his declaration of a national emergency will face opposition in the courts. He said, "Sadly, we'll be sued and sadly it will go through a process and happily we'll win." National Emergencies Act The president defended his decision, saying other presidents have declared national emergencies in the past. In 1976, Congress passed the National Emergencies Act, which gave presidents special powers during a crisis. Congress can end a state of emergency with a joint resolution and the president’s signature. If the president vetoes the resolution, Congress would need two-thirds of lawmakers to vote to end the declaration. American presidents have declared national emergencies 59 times since 1976. President Jimmy Carter made the declaration as Iran took American hostages in 1979. Ronald Reagan used the power to ban trade with Nicaragua in 1985. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush blocked financial dealings with Iraq. In 1996, Bill Clinton used the power after two airplanes were shot down near Cuba. George W. Bush declared a national emergency after the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. And President Barack Obama used the special power in 2011 to freeze the assets of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi. President @realDonaldTrump signs the Declaration for a National Emergency to address the national security and humanitarian crisis at the Southern Border. pic.twitter.com/0bUhudtwvS — Sarah Sanders (@PressSec) February 15, 2019 Trump has declared national emergencies three other times: in December 2017 against Myanmar generals for their part in the Rohingya refugee crisis; in September 2018 against persons related to Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election; and in November 2018 after the Nicaraguan government acted against protesters. But until Friday, no American president in history had used the power to get additional money to pay for projects without the support of Congress. Hai Do wrote this story for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor. _________________________________________________________________ Words in This Story secure - v. to make (something) safe by guarding or protecting it enshrined - v. to remember and protect (someone or something that is valuable, admired, etc.) purse - n. an amount of money that government has available to use remedy - n. a way of solving or correcting a problem sue - v. to bring a lawsuit against someone ]]></description> </item><item><title>托福听力3周如何备è€?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-8348-441122-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  心理学家研究指出åQŒä¸€™å¹çœ‹ä¼¼ç®€å•çš„行动åQŒå¦‚果能坚持重复21天以上,ž®×ƒ¼šå½¢æˆä¹ æƒ¯;如果坚持90天以上,ž®×ƒ¼šå½¢æˆ½E›_®šä¹ æƒ¯;如果坚持365天以上,你想改变都困难。同理,一个想法,重复21天,或重复验è¯?1‹Æ¡ï¼Œž®×ƒ¼šå½¢æˆä¹ æƒ¯æ€§çš„æƒÏx³•ã€?   习惯的åŞ成大致分三个阶段åQ?   ½W¬ä¸€é˜¶æ®µåQ?-7天左叟뀂此阶段的特征是“åˆÀL„åQŒä¸è‡ªç„¶”。你需要十分刻意提醒自己改变,而你也会觉得有些不自ç„Óž¼Œä¸èˆ’服ã€?   ½W¬äºŒé˜¶æ®µåQ?-12天左叟뀂不要放弃第一阶段的努力,¾l§ç®‹é‡å¤åQŒè·¨å…¥ç¬¬äºŒé˜¶ŒDüc€‚此阶段的特征是“åˆÀL„ã€è‡ªç„?rdquo;。你已经觉得比较自然åQŒæ¯”较舒服了åQŒä¹ æƒ¯å·²¾låŸºæœ¬å…»æˆäº†ã€?   ½W¬ä¸‰é˜¶æ®µåQ?1-90天左叟뀂此阶段ä¸ÞZ¹ æƒ¯çš„自然巩固阶段åQŒåœ¨½W¬äºŒé˜¶æ®µå·²ç»å…ÀLˆçš„习惯需要一ŒD‰|—¶é—´çš„消化适应åQŒå¼ºåŒ–è¿™¿Uä¹ æƒ¯ï¼Œ¾lè¿‡æ­¤é˜¶ŒDµï¼Œ˜q™é¡¹ä¹ æƒ¯å·²ç»æˆäؓ你生命中的一个有机组成部分ã€?   好习惯坏习惯均是如此åQŒéƒ½æ˜¯åœ¨ä¸æ–­çš„重复中慢慢形成的ã€?   如何才能åœ?1天中培养å‡ø™‰¯å¥½çš„托福听力训练习惯?   1. 明确训练可达成成æž?   让自己清楚地æ–îC¹ æƒ¯å¸¦æ¥çš„好处åQŒå› ä¸ºæ„Ÿæƒ…上的接受远˜qœæ¯”理性的å¼ø™¿«æ›´æœ‰åŠ¨åŠ›ã€‚例如:坚持听写不同¾cÕdž‹çš„英语文章,可以在短旉™—´å†…突破自íw«å¬åŠ›çš„盲点åQŒä‹É托福听力变得不再可怕ã€?   2. 当成一¿Uä¸»åŠ¨å°è¯?   把它当作一个试验。像一位科学家一æ øP¼ŒæŠŠåŸ¹å…ÖM¹ æƒ¯å½“作一‹Æ¡å°è¯•ï¼Œè€Œéžä¸€åœºå¿ƒç†æ–—争。这ž®†æœ‰åŠ©äºŽéšæ—¶åšå‡ºè°ƒæ•´å’Œæ­£¼‹®å¯¹å¾…结果。例如:今天听TPO听力原文感觉有点难,明天ž®±å¯ä»¥å¬å†™æ…¢é€ŸVOAåQŒæ ‡å‡†VOAåQŒæˆ–一些对自己来说有难度,但是可以克服的文章ã€?   3. ˜qœç¦»òq²æ‰°çŽ¯å¢ƒ   ˜qœç¦»“危险”区。远¼›»é‚£äº›å¯èƒ½å†‹Æ¡è§¦å‘ä½ ž®×ƒ¹ æƒ¯çš„地方。例如:你在卧室学习åQŒä½†æ˜¯ä¸€åˆ°å§å®¤ä½ ž®ÞqŠ¯å›°æˆ–者想打游戏。换åˆîC¹¦æˆ¿ï¼Œæˆ–者到客厅åQŒå­¦æ ¡çš„自习室学习,排除外界òq²æ‰°ã€?   4. å¯ÀL±‚外界监督压力   ž®†è®¡åˆ’写在纸上,òq¶å‘Šè¯‰ä½ çš„朋友,¾l™è‡ªå·×ƒ¸€¿UåŽ‹åŠ›ã€‚有朋友的监督,特别是要一赯‚€ƒè¯•çš„战友相互监督是件幸¼›çš„事情åQŒé—´ç›æ€º’监督åQŒç›¸äº’帮助,共同˜q›æ­¥ã€‚不é€ÆD‡ªå·×ƒ¸€æŠŠï¼Œæ€ŽçŸ¥è‡ªå·±æœ‰å¤šå¼ºå¤§?   5. 脚踏实地½EÏx­¥å‰è¡Œ   保持½Ž€å•ï¼Œä¸è¦˜q½æ±‚完美。一步一步的做è“våQŒä¸è¦æŒ‡æœ›ä¸€‹Æ¡å°±å…¨éƒ¨æ”¹å˜ã€‚练习托¼›å¬åŠ›çš„˜q‡ç¨‹åQŒä¸æ˜¯ä¸€å¤©å°±æœ‰è´¨çš„飞跃的åQŒè€Œæ˜¯ä¸€ä¸ªåó@序渐˜q›çš„˜q‡ç¨‹ã€‚错的越多,说明˜q›æ­¥çš„空间就­‘Šå¤§åQŒå¾æœæ‰˜¼›å¬åŠ›åŽçš„成ž®±æ„Ÿž®Þp¶Šå¼ºã€? ]]></description> </item><item><title>托福听力词汇分阶ŒDµèƒŒè¯‰|Š€å·?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-8348-441121-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  托福考试备考第一个阶ŒD‰|˜¯å•è¯çš„初¾U§ï¼Œž®ç¼–觉得需è¦?个月旉™—´å·¦å³ã€‚大家可以参考书里面的方法,对照自己的词汇书制订复习æ–ÒŽ¡ˆåQŒæœ‰çš„同学能å¤?4 天就½Hç ´äº†è¯æ±‡ä¹¦åQŒä¹Ÿæœ‰äh反映隑ֺ¦è¾ƒå¤§åQŒä½†æ˜¯æ— è®ºå¦‚何,1个月内完成初记是必须的,因äؓ˜q™æ ·ž®Þpƒ½æ›´æ—©˜q›å…¥åšé¢˜çŠ¶æ€ï¼Œä¹Ÿå°±æ˜¯è¿›å…¥å‡†å¤‡æ‰˜¼›å•è¯çš„½W¬äºŒé˜¶æ®µã€?   ½W¬äºŒä¸ªé˜¶ŒD‰|˜¯é€šè¿‡åšé¢˜ã€æ³›è¯Õd¬m固初记的托福词汇åQŒåŠ æ·±å¯¹äºŽæ‰˜¼›è¯æ±‡çš„¾_„¡»†ç†è§£ã€‚大家只要做一些真题或者模拟题ž®±åº”该知道,单词从词汇书中剥¼›Õd‡ºæ¥ä¹‹åŽåˆ°äº†ç›¸åº”的阅读ŒDµè½ä¸­å®¹æ˜“出现水土不服的情况åQŒå³åœ¨è¯æ±‡ä¹¦ä¸­è®¤è¯†çš„单词åˆîCº†æ–‡ç« ä¸­å°±å¿˜è®°äº†æ„æ€ã€‚这是因为掌握单词的环境太单一åQŒå³ä½ åªè§è¿‡åœ¨ä½ çš„词汇书的某一个固定的位置用固定的字体印刷出来的单词。äؓ了避免这¿Uæƒ…况,大家卛_¯ä»¥é€šè¿‡åšçœŸé¢˜æŽŒæ¡ï¼Œä¹Ÿå¯ä»¥é€šè¿‡æ³›è¯»è€æ‰˜çš„一些篇目来掌握。老托的阅读题目虽然和新托¼›æœ‰æ‰€ä¸åŒåQŒä½†æ˜¯å•è¯å’Œå¥å­˜q˜æ˜¯æœ‰ä¸€å®šç¨‹åº¦çš„ç›æ€¼¼çš„ã€?   ½W¬ä¸‰ä¸ªé˜¶ŒD‰|˜¯æ•´ç†å½’纳å‡ø™‡ªå·Þqš„单词体系。这个托¼›è€ƒè¯•å¤ä¹ é˜¶æ®µéœ€è¦è‡ªå·±åŠ¨æ‰‹ï¼ŒæŠŠæ‰‹å¤´çš„单词整理、归¾c»ï¼Œå¯ä»¥æŒ‰æ„ä¹‰ã€ç›¸ä¼¼æ‹¼å†™ã€æ„ä¹‰èŒƒç•´ã€å­¦¿U‘é—¨¾cȝ­‰åˆ†ç±»ã€‚这样一个整理消化的˜q‡ç¨‹åQŒæ‰æ˜¯æŽŒæ¡å•è¯çš„至高境界åQŒå› ä¸ÞZ½ å·²ç»ä¸æ˜¯å•çº¯çš„输入信息,单纯的输å‡?而是能够ž®†è¾“入的信息再加工,输出自己的知识ã€? ]]></description> </item><item><title>北京、上‹¹ïL­‰6省市ž®†è¯•ç‚¹â€œäº’联网+护理服务â€?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-8484-441119-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[˜q‘æ—¥åQŒå›½å®¶å«ç”Ÿå¥åº·å§”员会发布ã€?ldquo;互联¾|?护理服务”试点工作æ–ÒŽ¡ˆã€‹ï¼Œ¼‹®å®šåœ¨åŒ—京市、天‹z¥å¸‚、上‹¹·å¸‚、江苏省、浙江省、广东省6省市˜q›è¡Œ“互联¾|?护理服务”试点åQŒè¯•ç‚ÒŽ—¶é—´äؓ2019òq?月至12月ã€? A nurse changes a patient's dressing at her home in Henan province, on May 24, 2013. [Photo/IC] According to the announcement, Internet Plus nursing services will be an online system that will enable discharged patients and elderly or disabled people to call registered nurses to visit them at home and provide nursing services. æ–ÒŽ¡ˆæŒ‡å‡ºåQ?ldquo;互联¾|?护理服务”是供康复期患者或å¤Þpƒ½è€äh联系注册护士上门提供护理服务的一个在¾U¿åã^台ã€? 服务对象是谁? æ–ÒŽ¡ˆæåˆ°åQ?ldquo;互联¾|?护理服务(Internet Plus nursing services)”重点寚w«˜é¾„或å¤Þpƒ½è€å¹´äº?elderly or disabled people)、康复期患è€?convalescents)和终末期患è€?terminally ill patients)½{‰è¡ŒåŠ¨ä¸ä¾¿çš„人群åQŒæä¾›æ…¢ç—…管ç?chronic care management)、康复护ç?rehabilitation nursing)、专™åҎŠ¤ç?specific care)、健åºäh•™è‚?health education)、安宁疗æŠ?hospice care)½{‰æ–¹é¢çš„护理服务ã€? “互联¾|?护理服务”的护士需具备什么条ä»? æ–ÒŽ¡ˆæ˜Žç¡®åQŒæ´¾å‡ºçš„注册护士应当臛_°‘具备五年以上临床护理工作¾léªŒ(registered nurses sent by pilot medical institutions should have at least five years of clinical nursing service experience)和护å¸?nurse practitioner)以上技术职¿UŽÍ¼Œèƒ½å¤Ÿåœ¨å…¨å›½æŠ¤å£«ç”µå­æ³¨å†Œç³»¾lŸä¸­æŸ¥è¯¢ã€? 安全保障措施 æ–ÒŽ¡ˆæå‡ºåQŒè¯•ç‚¹åŒ»ç–—机构或互联¾|‘信息技术åã^台应当按照协议要求,为护士提供手机APP定位˜q½è¸ª¾pȝ»ŸåQŒé…¾|®æŠ¤ç†å·¥ä½œè®°å½•äÈA(nursing work recorder)åQŒä‹É服务行äؓ全程留痕可追æº?traceable)åQŒé…å¤‡ä¸€é”®æŠ¥è­¦è£…¾|?one-click alarm device)åQŒè´­ä¹°è´£ä»»é™©ã€åŒ»ç–—意外险和ähíw«æ„å¤–险½{‰ã€‚要建立åŒÈ–—¾U çº·å’Œé£Žé™©é˜²èŒƒæœºåˆ?medical dispute and risk prevention mechanism)åQŒåˆ¶è®¢åº”急处¾|®é¢„案。同æ—Óž¼Œç•…通投诉、评议渠道,接受½C¾ä¼šç›‘督(open to public supervision)åQŒç»´æŠ¤ç¾¤ä¼—健åºähƒç›Šã€? åŽÕd¹´åQŒä¸ž®‘地区就已经出现“å…׃ín护士(nurse sharing)”服务åQŒæ“ä½œæ–¹å¼ä¸Žå…¶ä»–å…׃ín¾cÀLœåŠ¡appç›æ€¼¼åQŒä¹Ÿæ˜¯çº¿ä¸Šé¢„¾U?making appointment online)åQŒçº¿ä¸‹æœåŠ?offering service offline)åQŒæä¾›ä¸Šé—¨æ‰“针输æ¶?injection and IV)、静脉采血(blood draw)、外¿U‘伤口换è?wound dressing change)、灌è‚?coloclysis)、吸痰导ž®?aspiration of sputum and urethral catheterization)、éËEé¥?nasal feeding)护理及指导等10多项服务ã€? 不过åQŒä¸šå†…äh士表½Cºï¼ŒæŠ¤å£«ä¸Šé—¨çš„行业标准缺乏、风险规避制度尚无,å¯ÒŽŠ¤å£«ä»¥åŠç—…äºø™€Œè¨€åQŒéƒ½æ²¡æœ‰ä¿éšœã€‚行业准入标准和法律监管亟待跟进åQŒä¿éšœæ–°åŒÈ–—模式健康发展ã€? 国家卫健委开å±?ldquo;互联¾|?护理服务”试点工作åQŒå°†åœ¨æ€È»“试点¾léªŒçš„基¼‹€ä¸Šï¼ŒåŠ å¿«å®Œå–„相关政策ã€? 【相兌™¯æ±‡ã€? 上门服务 door-to-door service 居家护理 home-based health care 慢性病 chronic diseases 慢病½Ž¡ç† chronic care management 老龄人口 aging population 安宁疗护 hospice care ]]></description> </item><item><title>杰夫的一å¤?½W?期:起床讲解(6) http://www.6109171.com/show-10198-441117-1.html ¾ŸŽå›½æ–‡åŒ–脱口¿U€ ½W?6æœ?伦敦奥运ä¼?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-10193-441115-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[时下最火热的话题不˜q‡äëu敦奥˜qäº†åQ?òq´ä¸€åº¦çš„奥运盛会每次都是äºÞZ»¬è®¨è®ºçš„焦炏V€‚看看今天潘吉和Jenny教你怎么讨论奥运åQŒç„¶åŽåŽ»å’Œä½ çš„老外朋友讨论å? 重点词汇åQ? 1. the Olympics (the Olympic Games) 奥运ä¼? 2. hosting the Olympics ä¸ÕdŠžå¥¥è¿ä¼? 3. the Olympic village 奥运æ? 4. live broadcast 现场直播åQŒå®žå†µè{æ’? 5. events ™å¹ç›® 6. track and field 田径˜qåŠ¨ 7. competitive event 竞技™å¹ç›® 8. diving è·Ïx°´˜qåŠ¨ 9. the Dream Team 梦之é˜? 10. gymnastics 体操˜qåŠ¨ 11. Gold medal 金牌 Silver medal 银牌 Bronze medal 铜牌 12. medal count 奖牌排行æ¦? ]]></description> </item><item><title>è‹Þp¯­½W‘话:Headache 头痛 http://www.6109171.com/show-10192-441113-1.html VOA帔R€Ÿè‹±è¯­ï¼šå·æ™®å®£å¸ƒå…¨å›½˜q›å…¥ç´§æ€¥çŠ¶æ€?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-10197-441112-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Trump Declares National Emergency WHITE HOUSE / CAPITOL HILL — President Donald Trump has declared a national emergency, bypassing Congress to build a wall along the southern U.S. border, and setting up a legal challenge that could help determine the limits of U.S. presidential power. Warning against what he called "gang monsters" and an "invasion" of drugs and crime, Trump said the emergency declaration was a "great thing to do." At one point, Trump mentioned "monstrous caravans," an apparent reference to the repeated groups of Central American migrants that have attempted to reach the U.S. during his presidency. "We are talking about an invasion of our country," Trump said. "With drugs and human traffickers and all types of criminals and gangs." ​Trump's attempt to plow ahead with a wall, his main campaign promise, is likely to please the president's conservative political base. But it also intensifies accusations Trump is abusing his emergency powers. Budget battle Trump signed a bill funding the federal government later in the afternoon Friday. Congress reached the compromise bill in an attempt to end the partisan deadlock that had led to a recent 35-day partial government shutdown. The funding legislation gives Trump only $1.4 billion for a barrier along just 90 kilometers of the border — much less than the $5.7 billion he wanted to begin building 322 kilometers of wall. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen M. Nielsen said in a statement Friday the bill provides critical funding for border security but added, "It gets nowhere close to completely solving the serious humanitarian and security crisis at our southern border. Time and again, Congress has failed to fully fund DHS to confront this situation and to handle the influx of aliens, drugs, and other illicit traffic into our country. That is why I strongly support the President's decision to unlock additional funding for physical barriers." Declaring a national emergency gives Trump the authority to move money from elsewhere in the federal budget, including funds for the U.S. military, and use it for a wall. In total, the White House will find roughly $8 billion to build the wall, White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney said. Senator Brian Schatz, a senior Democratic appropriator, said the money for the wall simply wasn't available in the military budget. "The Military Construction funding process is rigorous," Schatz tweeted. "Whether it's dry docks or clinics or hangers or runways, there is not 3.5B to remove without dire consequences." Legal, political challenges While Trump's decision ends the current battle over the budget, it potentially opens the door to much trickier legal challenges, which could delay wall construction for years. Trump seemed to acknowledge that reality Friday. "Sadly, we'll be sued. Sadly, it will go through a process. And happily we'll win," Trump said. "I hope." Trump's wall also faces a tough road politically. In a statement, Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer vowed that Congress "cannot let the President shred the Constitution." "The President's unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist does great violence to our Constitution and makes America less safe, stealing from urgently needed defense funds for the security of our military and our nation," the statement read. "This is plainly a power grab by a disappointed President, who has gone outside the bounds of the law to try to get what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process," it added. The president contends there is a crisis along the U.S.-Mexican border. He says only a wall can stop illegal immigration and crime, drugs and violent gangs. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said, "President Trump's decision to announce emergency action is the predictable and understandable consequence of Democrats' decision to put partisan obstruction ahead of the national interest." Democrats say a wall would be ineffective against illegal immigration and expensive. Above all, many say there is no emergency at the border, accusing Trump of manufacturing a crisis. House Democratic lawmakers Joaquin Castro from Texas and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez from New York already have announced plans to introduce legislation to overturn Trump's decision. While that legislation would likely pass the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives, it would force a difficult choice on lawmakers in the Republican-controlled U.S. Senate, where many senators from the president's own party have expressed uneasiness about his move. But Rep. Mark Meadows, chairman of the conservative House Freedom Caucus, tweeted during the president's press conference, "Given Congress will try to block this executive action, I'm seeing speculation Congress could override a POTUS veto w/ GOP votes. They will not. The votes will not be there. There is broad GOP + American support for POTUS taking legal, constitutional action to protect families." A January poll from Quinnipiac University suggested that two-thirds of Americans are opposed to such an emergency declaration. Bad precedent? There are concerns Trump's decision will set a precedent for future U.S. presidents to bypass Congress using national emergency declarations. According to the Constitution, Congress has the "power of the purse" — to tax and spend money for the federal government. "If this is deemed to be a national emergency that it opens the door for all kinds of things to be deemed national emergencies just given the policy preferences of a president," said Paul Schiff Berman, a law professor at George Washington University. "You could say that global warming is a national emergency. You could say that lack of affordable health care is a national emergency. You could say that homelessness is a national emergency. And all of them are at least as plausible, if not more plausible, than the need to build a security wall," he said. California Governor Gavin Newsom, a Democrat, announced his state planned to file a lawsuit against the president for declaring the emergency. "The president's overreach has been extensive on any number of occasions and we have shot them down on any number of occasions," Newsom said in a press conference Friday. "This is another example of the president exploiting a serious law." Presidents in both major U.S. political parties have increasingly used unilateral executive power to push through their policies. But this appears to be the first time a U.S. president has used congressionally mandated emergency powers to force through such a politically divisive policy. Carla Babb, Jeff Seldin and Fern Robinson contributed to this report. ]]></description> </item><item><title>è‹Þp¯­æ—¶å·®åQšå¤§é¸?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-10183-441110-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[It's time once again for the Moment of Science Pop Quiz. Ready? Here goes. Do birds have teeth? Sure, you can laugh, but what's the answer? No? Maybe? Have you ever looked? In fact, the correct answer is: not any more. Some modern day birds have ridges or notches in their beaks that can function a little bit like teeth, but they don't actually count as teeth. But the idea of a toothy bird is not so ridiculous as it seems. In fact, if you lived about 100 million years ago, toothy birds would be no laughing matter. Surprisingly, the first true bird seems to have been closely related to the dinosaurs. It is called the Archaeopteryx and lived about 150 million years ago. Archaeopteryx was the size of a modern day crow but had a full set of chompers. Presumably they weren't used for eating seeds. After this character came on the scene birds began to grow bigger and bigger. A lot of these species had teeth. Big, shiny, pointy teeth. These were scary birds we're talking about here. Some of these prehistoric fanged birds grew to be larger than the modern-day ostrich. One of them laid an egg more than a foot in length. Imagine being chased by a fanged ostrich. It's enough to make you stay in your own century. Thankfully, no fanged birds exist today, and all modern birds are smaller than ostriches. Don't think that means birds are no longer a successful species, though. Quite to the contrary: there are about twenty-five birds for every single person now alive on the earth. ]]></description> </item><item><title>旅游è‹Þp¯­å£è¯­ž®Þp¯¥˜q™ä¹ˆè¯?½W?51æœ?˜qŽå®¾æŽ¥å¾… 开个房é—?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-10117-441108-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Good afternoon. Can I help you, sir? 下午好,先生åQŒæˆ‘能帮您吗? I'd like to have a room in your hotel. 我想在你们旅馆开个房间ã€? Good morning, sir. Can I help you? 早上好,先生åQŒæˆ‘能帮您忙å? Yes, please. I've just arrived from America. I want a room at a reasonable price. 是的。我刚从¾ŸŽå›½æ¥ï¼Œæˆ‘想开一个ä­h格适中的房间ã€? Good morning, sir. What can I do for you? 早上好,先生。有什么我可以帮忙的吗? My name is White. I want a room here. 我是怀特,我想开个房间ã€? ]]></description> </item><item><title>每日一è¯?941 openingåQšé¦–å¼€åQŒé¦–‹Æ?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-9857-441106-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[今天我们要学的词是openingã€?Opening, 首开。动ç”Õd¤§ç‰‡ã€ŠçŽ©å…äh€ÕdŠ¨å‘?》上映后好评如潮ã€?"Toy Story 3 made $41 million on opening day," 《玩å…äh€ÕdŠ¨å‘?》上映第一天票房收入就高达四千一百万¾ŸŽå…ƒã€?"The first World Cup on African soil kicked off with a spectacular Opening Ceremony on June 12," 气势¼‚…礴的世界杯开òq•å¼6æœ?2号ä‹D行,拉开了首‹Æ¡åœ¨éžæ´²åœŸåœ°ä¸Šä‹D行的世界杯èƒö球赛的帷òq•ã€?"U.S. and England tied 1-1 in their World Cup opening game of Group C," ¾ŸŽå›½é˜Ÿå’Œè‹±å›½é˜Ÿåœ¨ä¸–界杯比赛小¾l„C¾l„的首场比赛中,ít¢äº†ä¸ªä¸€æ¯”一òqŸë€‚好的,今天我们学习的词是opening...]]></description> </item><item><title>è‹Þp¯­è§?圆桌会议 Round TableåQšèµ«æ‰¬å—非行 http://www.6109171.com/show-9913-441104-1.html 实战口语情景对话åQšThe Recovery 恢复 http://www.6109171.com/show-9970-441102-1.html 北京大学开除学术不端演å‘?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=10196&id=441101</link> <description><![CDATA[Peking University expels actor over academic misconduct 北京大学开除学术不端演员]]></description> </item><item><title>双语åQšçŒªòq´ç”Ÿè‚–é‚®¼œ¨ä»Šå¤©é¦–发, ä¸ÞZ½ ˜qŽæŽ¥¼›æ—ºçŒªå¹´ http://www.6109171.com/show-9854-441089-1.html 致敬åQ?7岁老妇为科研“献íw«â€?遗体被切æˆ?7000块薄片(双语åQ?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-9854-441088-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[关于健èínçš?1个错误观å¿?看看你中枪了? 无论你健íw«æ˜¯ä¸ÞZº†å˜è‹—条、改善心情,˜q˜æ˜¯æ‹¥æœ‰ä¸€íw«å¥¾ŸŽçš„肌肉åQŒéƒ½è¦æœ‰æ­£ç¡®çš„心态和æ–ÒŽ³•ã€‚也许经常有一些过来äh¾l™ä½ ä¸€äº›è¯šæ³çš„å»ø™®®åQŒä½†˜q™äº›å»ø™®®ä¸ä¸€å®šéƒ½æ˜¯å¯¹çš„,比如åQŒæ—©ä¸Šé”»ç‚¼æ˜¯æœ€å¥½çš„åQŒä‹D重可以把脂肪变成肌肉。真相到底是怎样的呢? Myth #1: To stay in shape, you only need to work out once or twice a week. ‹¹è¨€1åQšäؓ了保持体形,你只需要一个礼拜锻ç‚ég¸€‹Æ¡æˆ–者两‹Æ¡ã€? Truth: Once or twice a week won't cut it for sustained health benefits. 事实åQšä¸€å‘¨ä¸€åˆîC¸¤‹Æ¡çš„é”ȝ‚¼ä¸ä¼š¾l™èín体健康带来持久的回报ã€? "A minimum of three days per week for a structured exercise program" is best, Shawn Arent, an exercise scientist at Rutgers University, recently told Business Insider. ¾|—格斯大学的˜qåŠ¨¿U‘学家肖æ?middot;阿äëu特近日告诉商业内òq•ç½‘è¯ß_¼š“对一个结构合理的é”ȝ‚¼è®¡åˆ’来说åQŒä¸€å‘¨è‡³ž®‘要é”ȝ‚¼3‹Æ?rdquo;才是最佳的ã€? "Technically, you should do something every day, and by something I mean physical activity - just move. Because we're finding more and more that the act of sitting counteracts any of the activity you do." “严格来说åQŒä½ æ¯å¤©éƒ½è¦¾lƒç‚¹å•¥ï¼Œä¹Ÿå°±æ˜¯è¯´è¦æ´»åŠ¨ä¸€ä¸‹ã€‚因为我们越来越清楚åQŒä¹…坐是会抵消掉你的é”ȝ‚¼æˆæžœçš„ã€?rdquo; Myth #2: The best time to work out is first thing in the morning. ‹¹è¨€2åQšæ—©ä¸Šé”»ç‚¼æ˜¯æœ€å¥½çš„ã€? Truth: The best time for a workout is whatever time allows you to exercise most consistently. Ideally, you want to make physical fitness a daily habit, so if late-night trips to the gym are your thing, stick with it. If you prefer a morning run, do that instead. 事实åQšé”»ç‚¼æ²¡æœ‰æœ€å¥½çš„时段åQŒæ— è®ÞZ»€ä¹ˆæ—¶å€™éƒ½è¡Œï¼Œåªè¦ä½ èƒ½åšæŒã€‚理想的情况下,你要让健íw«æˆä¸ÞZ½ çš„æ—¥å¸æ€¹ æƒ¯ï¼Œæ‰€ä»¥å¦‚果你喜欢晚上åŽÕd¥íw«æˆ¿åQŒé‚£ž®±åšæŒæ™šä¸ŠåŽ»ã€‚如果你喜欢晨跑的话åQŒé‚£ž®±æ™¨è·‘ã€? Don't have a preference? Some research suggests that working out first thing in the morning might help speed weight loss by priming the body to burn more fat throughout the day. å¯ÒŽ—¶é—´æ²¡å•¥ç‰¹åˆ«çš„偏好?有一些研½I¶æŒ‡å‡ºï¼Œæ—©ä¸Šèµ·åºŠåŽé”»ç‚ÆDƒ½è®©èín体在一天中燃烧更多的脂肪,加速减重ã€? Myth #3: Weight lifting turns fat into muscle. ‹¹è¨€3åQšæ’¸é“èƒ½æŠŠè„‚肪变成肌肉ã€? Truth: You can't turn fat into muscle. Physiologically speaking, they're two different tissues. Adipose (fatty) tissue is found under the skin, sandwiched between muscles, and around internal organs like the heart. 事实åQšè„‚肪是不会变成肌肉的。从生理学方面来è¯ß_¼Œ˜q™å®Œå…¨æ˜¯ä¸¤ç§ä¸åŒçš„组¾l‡ã€‚脂肪组¾l‡è¢«å¤¹åœ¨çš®è‚¤å’Œè‚Œè‚‰ä¸­é—ß_¼Œ˜q˜ä¼šåŒ…裹在心脏等器官的外部ã€? Muscle tissue - which can be further broken down into three main types - is found throughout the body. 而肌肉组¾l‡å¯ä»¥è¢«¾l†åˆ†ä¸?个主要类åž?òqÏx»‘肌、心肌和骨骼è‚?åQŒåˆ†å¸ƒäºŽå…¨èínã€? What weight training really does is help build up the muscle tissue in and around any fat tissue. The best way to reduce fat tissue is to eat a healthy diet that incorporates vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and healthy fats like olive oil and fish. 撔R“çœŸæ­£èƒ½åšåˆ°çš„是帮你锻ç‚ÆD„‚肪组¾l‡å†…部和周围的肌肉组¾l‡ã€‚减脂的最佳途径是吃健康的膳食:蔬菜、粗¾_®ã€ç˜¦è‚‰è›‹ç™½ï¼Œä»¥åŠŠ™„榄油和é±ÆD¿™æ ïLš„健康脂肪ã€? Myth #4: Puzzles and games are the best 'brain workout' around. ‹¹è¨€4åQšè§£è°œå’Œæ¸¸æˆæ˜¯æœ€ä½³çš„“大脑é”ȝ‚¼”方式ã€? Truth: Plain old physical exercise seems to beat out any type of mental puzzle available, according to a wealth of recent research. 事实åQšæ ¹æ®å¤š™å¹è¿‘期的研究¾l“论åQŒæ™®é€šçš„íw«ä½“é”ȝ‚¼ä¼ég¹Žèƒ½æ‰“è´¥ä“Q何种¾cȝš„脑力游戏ã€? Two new studies published last spring suggest that aerobic exercise - any activity that raises your heart rate and gets you moving and sweating for a sustained period of time - has a significant, overwhelmingly beneficial impact on the brain. åŽÕd¹´æ˜¥å¤©å‘表的两个研½I¶ç»“果表明,能让你心跛_Š å¿«ã€æŒ¥æ±—如雨的有氧˜qåŠ¨å¯¹å¤§è„‘有着显著的、绝å¯ÒŽœ‰ç›Šçš„影响ã€? "Aerobic exercise is the key for your head, just as it is for your heart," wrote the authors of a recent Harvard Medical School blog post. “有氧˜qåŠ¨å¯¹ä½ çš„心脏很重要åQŒå¯¹å¤§è„‘来说也一样重要,”˜q‘期哈佛大学åŒÕd­¦é™¢çš„博文中写道ã€? Myth #5: Exercise is the best way to lose weight. ‹¹è¨€5åQšé”»ç‚¼æ˜¯å‡è‚¥çš„最ä½Ïx–¹å¼ã€? Truth: If you're looking to lose weight, you shouldn't assume that you can simply 'work off' whatever you eat. Experts say slimming down almost always starts with significant changes to your eating habits. 事实åQšå¦‚果你惌™¦å‡è‚¥åQŒä½ ž®×ƒ¸è¦ç”¨“我吃下去的卡路里都能燃烧æŽ?rdquo;来自我催眠。专家表½Cºï¼Œç˜¦ä¸‹æ¥ä¸»è¦é æ˜Žæ˜¾æ”¹å˜è‡ªå·±çš„饮食习惯ã€? "In terms of weight loss, diet plays a much bigger role than exercise," University of Texas exercise scientist Philip Stanforth tells Business Insider. 得克萨斯州立大学的运动科学家菲利æ™?middot;斯坦¼›æ–¯è¯ß_¼š“在减肥这斚w¢åQŒé¥®é£Ÿæ¯”é”ȝ‚¼é‡è¦å¾—多ã€?rdquo; That said, being active regularly is an important part of any healthy lifestyle. 即便如此åQŒå®šæœŸé”»ç‚¼åœ¨ä»ÖM½•å¥åº·çš„生‹zÀL–¹å¼ä¸­éƒ½æ˜¯å¾ˆé‡è¦çš„一部分ã€? And when it comes to boosting your mood, improving your memory, and protecting your brain against age-related cognitive decline, research suggests exercise may be as close to a wonder drug as we'll get. 当谈到改善情¾lªã€å¢žå¼ø™®°å¿†åŠ›ä»¥åŠé¢„防大脑因年老äñ”生认知衰退æ—Óž¼Œç ”究人员表示åQŒé”»ç‚¼å¯èƒ½æ˜¯æˆ‘们最唾手可得çš?ldquo;灵丹妙药”ã€? Myth #6: Sit-ups are the best way to get six-pack abs. ‹¹è¨€6åQšæƒ³è¦å…­å—腹肌,ž®±åšä»°å§èµ·åã€? Truth: As opposed to sit-ups, which target only your abdominal muscles, planks recruit several groups of muscles along your sides, front, and back. If you want a strong core - especially the kind that would give you six-pack-like definition - you need to challenge all of these muscles. 事实åQšäԒ卧è“v坐只能针对你的腹部肌肉,而åã^板支撑则要用åˆîC½ ä¾§é¢ã€æ­£é¢å’ŒèƒŒéƒ¨çš„几¾l„肌肉。所以如果你æƒÏx‹¥æœ‰å¼ºå£®çš„核心肌肉åQŒå°¤å…¶æ˜¯æƒŒ™¦¾lƒå‡º6块腹肌,你需要锻炼到所有的˜q™äº›è‚Œè‚‰ã€? "Sit-ups or crunches strengthen just a few muscle groups," write the authors of the Harvard Healthbeat newsletter. 《哈佛健庯‚Š‚拍》通讯的作者写道:“仰卧起坐只能é”ȝ‚¼åˆ°å°‘数几个肌肉群ã€?rdquo; "Through dynamic patterns of movement, a good core workout helps strengthen the entire set of core muscles you use every day." “通过有活力的˜qåŠ¨æ¨¡å¼åQŒä¸€¾l„高质量的核心肌肉锻炼有助于增强你日å¸æ€¼šç”¨åˆ°çš„整个核心区的肌肉ã€?rdquo; Myth #7: Weight training is for men. ‹¹è¨€7åQšæ’¸é“æ˜¯ç”·äh的项目ã€? Truth: Weight training is a great way to strengthen muscles, and has nothing to do with gender. That said, women produce less testosterone on average than men do, and studies suggest that hormone plays a role in determining how we build muscle. 事实åQšæ’¸é“æ˜¯åŠ å¼ºè‚Œè‚‰çš„好途径åQŒè€Œä¸”和性别无关。不˜q‡ï¼Œå¥Ïx€§äñ”生的睾丸素åã^均要比男性少åQŒç ”½I¶æŒ‡å‡ºç¾ä¸¸ç´ æœ‰åŠ©äºŽå¡‘造肌肉,所以女性也ž®×ƒ¸å¤ªå®¹æ˜“练成筋肉ähã€? Myth #8: It takes at least two weeks to get 'out of shape'. ‹¹è¨€8åQ?ldquo;íw«æèµ°åŞ”臛_°‘需要两周时间ã€? Truth: In most people, muscle tissue can start to break down within a week without regular exercise. 事实åQšå¤§å¤šæ•°äºÞZ¸€å‘¨ä¸˜q›è¡Œè§„律é”ȝ‚¼çš„话åQŒè‚Œè‚‰ç»„¾l‡å°±ä¼šå¼€å§‹åˆ†è§£ã€? "If you stop training, you actually do get noticeable de-conditioning, or the beginnings of de-conditioning, with as little as seven days of complete rest," Arent said. "It very much is an issue of use it or lose it." “如果7天内完全休息不进行锻炼的话,肌肉减少或者肌肉开始减ž®‘是显而易见的åQ?rdquo;阿äëu特表½Cºï¼Œ“要么¾lƒå®ƒåQŒè¦ä¹ˆå¤±åŽÕd®ƒã€?rdquo; Myth #9: Running a marathon is the ideal way to get fit. ‹¹è¨€9åQšè·‘马拉松是健èín的理æƒÏx–¹å¼ã€? Truth: Not ready to conquer a marathon? No problem. You can get many of the benefits of long-distance running without ever passing the five-mile mark. 事实åQšè·‘不了全马?没关¾pȝš„。就½Ž—你跑不åˆ?公里åQŒé•¿è·‘也是好处多多ã€? Running fast and hard for just 5 to 10 minutes a day can provide some of the same health outcomes as running for hours can. 每天高强度地跑上5åˆ?0分钟所带来的某些好处和˜qžç®‹è·‘上数小时是一æ ïLš„ã€? In fact, people who run for less than an hour a week - as long as they get in those few minutes each day - see similar benefits in terms of heart health compared to those who run more than three hours per week. 实际上,每周跑不åˆîC¸€ž®æ—¶(只要他们能每天都跑几分钟)¾l™å¿ƒè„å¥åº·å¸¦æ¥çš„益处和每周跑三小时以上的差不多ã€? Plus, years of recent research suggest that short bursts of intense exercise can provide some of the same health benefits as long, endurance-style workouts - and they also tend to be more fun. 此外åQŒæŒ¾l­æ•°òq´çš„˜q‘期研究也表明,短时间的高强度训¾lƒèƒ½å¸¦æ¥å’Œé•¿æ—‰™—´çš„耐力训练一æ ïLš„健康益处åQŒè€Œä¸”也更有意思ã€? Myth #10: Keeping a food diary is a reliable way of monitoring and controlling what you eat. ‹¹è¨€10åQšè®°å½•é£Ÿç‰©æµæ°´è̎在监督和控制饮食上很可靠ã€? Truth: Even when we're making an effort to be conscious about what we're putting into our bodies and how active we're being, we often give ourselves more credit than we deserve. 事实åQšå³ä½¿æˆ‘们努力记下自å·Þqš„食量和运动量åQŒä½†å…¶å®žæˆ‘们¾lå¸¸å¯¹è‡ªå·±å¤ª˜q‡äºŽä¿¡ä“Q了ã€? "People tend to overestimate their physical activity and underestimate how much food they eat," says Stanforth. “äºÞZ»¬å€‘֐‘于高估自å·Þqš„˜qåŠ¨é‡å’Œä½Žä¼°è‡ªå·±æ‘„入的热量,”斯坦¼›æ–¯è¯´é“ã€? "They consistently think they've worked out more and consistently think they've eaten less." “äºÞZ»¬æ€ÀL˜¯è®¤äؓ自己¾lƒå¾—多而吃得少ã€?rdquo; Myth: #11: Sports drinks are the best way to re-hydrate after a workout. ‹¹è¨€11åQšè¿åŠ¨é¥®æ–™æ˜¯é”ȝ‚¼åŽè¡¥å……水分的最佳饮品ã€? Truth: Most sports drinks are just sugar and water. 事实åQšå¤§å¤šæ•°çš„运动饮料都是糖水ã€? Instead, experts recommend refuelling with plain old water and high-protein snack, since studies suggest protein helps recondition muscles after a workout. 相反åQŒä¸“家推荐喝白开水和高蛋白零食补充能量,因äؓ研究表明在锻炼后补充蛋白质能够帮助修复肌肉ã€?   ]]></description> </item><item><title>CNNåQšè‹±å›½å·æ‹è£™åº•é£Žå…‰å°†è¢«å®š¾|?梅姨可以‹Æ£æ…°åœ°ç¬‘了!åQˆåŒè¯­ï¼‰ http://www.6109171.com/show-9854-441087-1.html “å¯d国铁路晚点”围巾拍卖:专门记录德国铁èµ\晚点情况åQˆåŒè¯­ï¼‰ http://www.6109171.com/show-9854-441086-1.html VOA帔R€Ÿè‹±è¯­ï¼šä¸€òq´å‰åQŒæ‘©è‹å°”被解æ”?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-10197-441072-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[One Year Ago, Mosul was Liberated One year ago July 10, the city of Mosul, ISIS's self-declared capital in Iraq, was liberated from ISIS by Iraqi Security Forces. The loss of its capital in Iraq cannot be overstated. The group's capture of the city on June 10th, 2014, was a major propaganda coup for the terrorists and a blow to Iraq's security and stability. In early July, ISIS leader Abu Bakr Baghdadi, declared a caliphate from the grand Mosque of al-Nuri in Mosul's old city. For three years, the terrorists brutalized the population, burned books and destroyed the city's cherished antiquities. In late 2016, Iraqi forces began a campaign to re-take Mosul. But as they were slowly pushed out of the city, the terrorists became ever more brutal. According to Amnesty International, ISIS rounded up thousands of civilians for use as human shields. They killed hundreds of civilians who attempted to flee and hanged their bodies in public areas. When Iraqi forces finally evicted ISIS from Mosul on July 10, 2017, the city lay in ruins. Over 500 buildings had been destroyed, including the al-Nouri Mosque. Nonetheless, the liberation of Mosul was a severe loss to ISIS. Not only did it represent a tremendous blow to the terrorists' prestige and the illusion of invulnerability ISIS cultivated, the city was its last strategic stronghold in Iraq, and its loss was the beginning of the end for their ambitions in Iraq. In the 12 months since the last ISIS fighter fled Mosul, much has changed. ISIS losses continued to mount, and today, having lost all its territory in Iraq, the terrorist group is fighting for its last footholds in Syria. In Mosul, the second part of freeing the city from the stain of ISIS—demining, rebuilding and restoration of services--is well on the way. Under Iraqi leadership, the United Sates and Global Coalition partners are working closely with the UN to stabilize Mosul.Hundreds of thousands of its citizens are returning to homes they once fled. Children are going back to school and markets are once again opening for business. Mosul will never be the same. Nonetheless, as it has done for over 2500 years, it will survive. ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA慢速英语:韩国å¥Ïx€§åå¯¹â€œç¾Žâ€å¸¦æ¥çš„压力 http://www.6109171.com/show-8694-441071-1.html VOA慢速英语:½Iºå®¢å…¬å¸åœäñ”全球最大的A380客机 http://www.6109171.com/show-8694-441070-1.html 剑桥雅思阅è¯ÈœŸé¢˜è§£æž?判断题型解题æ–ÒŽ³• http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441063-1.html 雅思阅è¯?大特ç‚?你都知道吗? http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441062-1.html 雅思阅è¯ÀLŠ€å·§ï¼šçœ‹å®Œæœ¬æ–‡é˜…读˜q˜èƒ½æ¶¨å‡ åˆ?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441061-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  General tips:   1.è¯ÀL–‡ç« é¦–ŒDµä¸€å®šè¦è¯ÖM¸€ä¸‹ï¼Œå…¶ä»–的段落读首句åQŒæœ«å¥ï¼Œå¿…要时可以读½W¬äºŒå¥ã€?   2. 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NG的åŞ式:a,òq¶ä¸å­˜åœ¨æ¯”较的基¼‹€åQŒæˆ–者没有比较的意义。所以一旦出现比较,ž®±å¯ä»¥é€‰NGåQŒç‰¹åˆ«æ˜¯é‡‘é’±åQŒç”·å¥³ç”Ÿçš„智商的比较½{‰ã€‚b,隐åŞ的比较,˜q™äº›è¯æ¯”如similaråQŒanotheråQŒthe same as, identical, next隐含比较意义åQŒä¹Ÿå¯ä»¥é€‰NGåQŒè¿˜æœ‰æ¯”较çñ”也是可以选NG的。另外,the latter也是可以选NG的。c,¾lˆæžæ¯”较åQŒæ¯”如åŞ容词最高çñ”很可能选NG   8.7道题出现NG的数目最多äؓ2道。True的数目äؓ2-3.   9.˜q˜æœ‰ä¸€¿Ué€‰False的,比如åQŒæ–‡ç« è¯´˜q˜è¿˜å¤„于试验阶段åQŒé¢˜ç›®è¯´å·²ç»æŠ•å…¥ä½¿ç”¨ã€‚文章说˜q˜æ˜¯ç†è®ºåQŒé¢˜ç›®è¯´å·²ç»å®žè·µã€?   10.äºÞZ»¬å¯¹äºŽè´Ÿé¢ä¿¡æ¯çš„关注度˜qœè¿œé«˜äºŽæ­£é¢ä¿¡æ¯çš„关注度åQŒæ‰€ä»¥ä¸å¯èƒ½å‡ºçŽ°æ–‡ç« ä¸­è¯´impossible而题目中说可能,但是如果题目中真的出现表½Cºå¯èƒ½çš„词的时候,该题肯定选Ture(真理是模‹‚׃¸¤å¯çš„)åQŒç±»ä¼¼çš„åQŒå‡ºçŽîC¸‹åˆ—词也是can, could, possible, probable, not all, not alwaysåQŒnot necessarily, someåQŒè¿™ž®±æ˜¯çœŸç†æ€§truthã€?   11.åäh¢æ¦‚念型的NG。题目说选择清华是因为高质量的教学,题目说是因äؓ清华的名气,˜q™ç§ž®±å±žäºŽå·æ¢æ¦‚å¿üc€?   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Summary tipsåQ?   1.对于比较½Ž€å•çš„出题(带词库的)åQŒåˆ©ç”¨è¯­æ³•ï¼Œæ ÒŽ®è¯æ€§å°±å¯ä»¥˜q›è¡Œé€‰æ‹©ã€‚但是如果语法不行的è¯?比如一个空该填名词åQŒä½†æ˜¯æœ‰ä¸‰ä¸ªåè¯åQŒè¯¥å¡«é‚£ä¸?)˜q™æ—¶å€™éœ€è¦ç”¨åˆ°é€»è¾‘åQŒå› ä¸ºæœ‰çš„单词填出来不合逻辑ã€?   2.有的题目中题库里面的词可能可以ä‹É用一‹Æ¡ä»¥ä¸Šã€?   3.如果词库全部是åŞ容词åQŒåˆ™ç«™é˜Ÿ—即选择态度卛_¯è§£å†³ã€‚全部是名词的词库比较难做,几乎不可能通过语法做出来ã€?   4.­‘…çñ”无敌括号法:不带词库型的summary一般要求字æ•îC¸èƒ½è¶…åQŒè¿™æ—¶å€™å¦‚果多了一个theåQŒä½†åŽÀLŽ‰åˆä¼šæŸä¼¤è¯­æ³•çš„话åQŒå¯ä»¥å°†the用括åäh‹¬èµäh¥åQŒè¿™ž®±æ˜¯­‘…çñ”无敌括号法ã€?   æ€ÖM½“而言ž®±æ˜¯˜q™ä¹ˆå¤šäº†åQŒå¸Œæœ›æœ‰ç”¨ï¼Œä¹Ÿç¥å–个好分æ•? ]]></description> </item><item><title>雅思口语准备中çš?大坑 你被坑过吗? http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441060-1.html 雅思阅è¯ÖM¸Šåˆ†æŠ€å·§ï¼š˜q?大阅è¯ÀLŠ€å·§å¾ˆé‡è¦ http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441059-1.html 如何提高雅思阅读速度 从单词入æ‰?/title> <link>http://www.6109171.com/show-7963-441058-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  考生们在做阅è¯ÀL—¶¾lå¸¸ä¼šæœ‰æŸå¥è¯ç¿»è¯‘不通从而造成理解障碍的问题。实际上阅读中的很多词汇用法òq‰™žæ˜¯æˆ‘们最熟悉或者想当然的那个含义。比å¦?ldquo;mine”˜q™ä¸ªå•è¯åQŒåœ¨å­¦æœ¯æ–‡ç« ä¸­ç»å¸¸è¡¨½C?ldquo;矿物”而åƈé?lsquo;我的’ã€?   因此ä¸ÞZº†æé«˜å¤§å®¶çš„阅è¯È†è§£è´¨é‡ï¼Œè€ƒç”Ÿä»¬è¦å­¦ä¼šæŽŒæ¡æŸäº›å¸¸è§å•è¯çš„å…¶ä»?ldquo;学术”含义ã€?   1. in turn   大多数同学会理解ä¸?“反过æ?rdquo;åQŒè®¤ä¸ºå‰åŽè¯­ä¹‰æ˜¯å¯¹ç«‹çš„,但实际上阅读中也可能表示™åºæŽ¥å…³ç³»åQŒç¿»è¯‘äؓ“接着ä¼?hellip;(发生)…”   The conventional theory is that people yawn when bored or sleepy because yawning raises blood oxygen levels, which in turn raises alertness.   2. account for   大家背四¾U§å•è¯æ—¶æ›´å¤šçš„理解äؓ “(比例ä¸?å?hellip;”的含义,实际上account for˜q˜æœ‰“解释åQŒè¯´æ˜?hellip;…”˜q™ä¸ªæ„æ€ã€?   Heavy rain accounts for most of the water that enters into lakes.   Scientists will not be able to account for climate changeover the past century until they learn more about the urban heat island.   3. precipitation   ˜q™æ˜¯ä¸ªè¯é¢˜è¯æ±‡ï¼Œå¤§å¤šæ•°æ–‡ç« ä¸­¾˜»è¯‘ä¸?“沉淀”åQŒä¸˜q‡ä¹Ÿæœ?ldquo;降水”的意思ã€?   Ordinary meteoric water is water that has soaked into the ground from the surface, from precipitation (rain and snow) and from lakes and streams.   4. game   不是游戏哦,在学术文章中¾lå¸¸ç”¨æ¥è¡¨è¾¾“野生猎物”˜q™ä¸ªæ„æ€ã€‚下‹Æ¡è¯¾åˆ«å†å›°æƒ‘了ã€?   They had experienced great difficulty finding game west of the Rockies and not until the second of December did they kill their first elk.   5. solution   除了“解决æ–ÒŽ¡ˆ”åQŒè¿˜è¦çŸ¥é“另一个常见含ä¹?ldquo;溶液”。这个词在小作文‹¹ç¨‹å›‘Ö†™ä½œä¸­ä¹Ÿæ˜¯ä¸€ä¸ªå¾—分高¾U§è¯æ±‡ã€?   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